Philodendron Domesticum

In the article for today, we’ll talk about the Philodendron Domesticum. The plant is also called Burgundy Philodendron or Spadeleaf Philodendron. About 450 species of stemmed and climbing herbs make up the Philodendron. This genus comes from the tropical parts of America.

Give your Philodendron Domesticum dim light and high humidity to help it grow well. It prefers temperatures between 55 and 80 o F. (12 to 26 degrees Celsius).

If you look closely, you can see that the stem and edges of the leaves of Philodendron Domesticum look a little bit purple. This is how the plant got its name, Burgundy Philodendron. The leaves of the plant are smooth and shiny, which makes it a great houseplant for decoration.

Many people keep them as decorations because they don’t have to be grown in a pot. You can also hang them in baskets to improve the look of the room.

If the plant has enough room, it will wrap itself around poles and walls. This gives the room a tropical look, especially if it is well-lit.

Aside from being pretty, the plant is also a great way to clean the air because it removes harmful chemicals from the environment.

In addition to what has already been said, the plant has strong roots and is known to be healthy, so it needs less care.

History and Origin of Philodendron Domesticum

Philodendron Domesticum

The Philodendron Domesticum is a flowering plant that belongs to a larger group called Philodendrons. They are native to South America, where it is hot and humid. Even though they come from wet rainforests, they do well as houseplants in pots.

Philodendrons were first mentioned in writing in 1644, but they didn’t get a name until 1829. The Greek word “philo,” which means “love,” and the Greek word “dendron,” which means “tree,” was used to name them. They love to hug trees because they climb them.

How to Take Care of a Philodendron Domesticum

Philodendron Domesticum

Light Requirements

Your Philodendron domesticum does best in medium light. It can also work in places with low light, making it great for homes and offices.

If you want it to grow as quickly as possible, give it bright, indirect light. Also, this means more water, since plants need water to grow. And sunshine means it’s warm.

So, you’ll have to find the right balance between how much maintenance you want to do (like watering, feeding, and pruning) and how much you want to grow.

This is the reality of taking care of plants since we all have busy lives and can’t sit around for hours watering and doing other things when we have to take care of the kids or go to work or school.

Still, you should be careful about going too far.

This includes both too much or too little light and direct sunlight. The first one will burn the plant’s leaves, and the second one will stop it from growing well. It doesn’t go where you want it to go either way.


Your Philodendron domesticum needs light, and it also likes it when it’s not too cold or too hot. It should be kept at a temperature between 55 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

And even though the plant won’t grow as fast when the temperature is above 80 degrees, this won’t hurt it. But if you go above 95 to 100 degrees, it will start to get stressed.

Because it comes from a tropical area, it can handle the heat better.

This isn’t true of the opposite.

It doesn’t like the cold. So, you should be more careful when the temperature drops below 55 degrees.

More importantly, your Philodendron domesticum won’t be able to live through winters with frost or snow. It can survive in zones 9 to 11, which means you can only keep it outside in the winter if you live in a place where the sun shines all year round.

Temperature is less of a problem indoors because most people keep the temperature in the right range. But you should watch out for drafts and cold spots.

Things can go wrong with open doors, windows, heaters, and air conditioners. So, you should keep the plant away from places where the temperature changes a lot.


Your Philodendron domesticum also likes to have a lot of moisture around it. The thing about rainforests in South America is that they are warm and humid, and they get a lot of rain.

So, if you want your spade leaf philodendron to grow well, you should try to make it grow in the same way.

The best thing for the plant is to keep the humidity at 60% or higher. But it doesn’t have any trouble with normal humidity in the room.

As long as the humidity is at least 40%, you should be fine. In the 30s, you’re towing the line because you may or may not see any effects on the plant.

Also, be aware that the summers are hot and dry, and the winters are cold, which tends to make the air dry out.

So why bother with a lot of moisture?

The plant can make leaves that look fuller and more colourful when the level is 60% or more. You can tell by the colour and shape of the plant’s leaves.

Get a digital hygrometer if you don’t know what the humidity level is in each room of your home or what it drops to in the summer and winter.

This inexpensive tool makes it easy to find out how humid a room is. So, you can make any necessary changes.

Again, maintenance could be a factor.

Most homes don’t have the high humidity that the plant needs to grow well, so many people mist it. Most of the time, you’ll need to do this every two or three days.

As for me, I like to water plants. I do this by taking it out to the back, where I have a big sink for plants and the garden. So, I can put the whole plant under the faucet and give it a quick shower.

This helps the moisture level rise pretty quickly. But make sure to let it dry in the sun and in a place with good airflow right away to prevent leaf spots and other diseases that affect the leaves.

You could also move it to the kitchen or bathroom, use a pebble tray, group plants together, or get a humidifier.

How Often Should Philodendron Domesticum Be Watered?

I talked a little bit about watering above. I’ll talk about it in more depth here.

When you water your Philodendron domesticum, it’s most important not to give it too much water.

You can do so in 4 ways.

  • Make sure the pot you use has a hole for water to drain out.
  • Don’t water too often or too much at once.
  • Choose the right soil.
  • Make sure there is enough light and airflow.

I already talked about the last one. The warmth from the sun speeds up evaporation, which helps the soil dry out faster.

Wet spots also dry faster when there is good airflow. On windy days when the sun is out, you probably notice this when you hang up your laundry. Even the thicker fabrics dry faster.

I’ll talk about soil in the next part.

I’ll talk more about the pot and how to water it here.

Always choose a pot with holes in the bottom so that water can drain out. So, water won’t gather at the container’s bottom. That would be the worst case since the roots would stay wet for a long time.

This will cause the roots to die.

When it comes to watering, you’ll need to water more in the summer and less in the winter. This is because in the summer it is warmer and in the winter it is colder. Soil dries quickly and slowly because of this.
The plant grows in the spring and summer when it is warm and rests in the winter when it is cold (fall and winter). So, when it grows, it will need more food (sun, fertilizer, and water). And much less when they are at rest.

So, you have to change.

And the best way to do this is to measure with your finger. Put your index finger about 2 inches into the ground.

Only water when the top 2 inches of soil are dry. And when you do, make sure to water it well. Then, let any extra water drain out completely.

The last two parts of that line are just as important as the first.

Soil Requirements

When it comes to soil, potting mix that drains well is the most important thing to use. Keep in mind that potting soil is not the same as garden soil. And you do need to buy some at the garden centre or make your own with the things you buy there.

Don’t use dirt from your backyard or garden.

Your Spade Leaf Philodendron does best in soil that is both rich and loose. It should also have good drainage.

This gives it enough food in the form of organic matter and is open enough to let oxygen get to the rooms easily.

The plant also likes a pH range of 5.6 to 7.5 in the soil. So, soil that is acidic to neutral works best.

You should also keep it moist so it can get the most nutrients from the soil. Avoid soil that is too wet or too soggy, which happens when you water too much.

You don’t have to do much else with the soil because the plant’s strong root system will take care of the rest.

To make soil that drains well, all you have to do is add sand or perlite to regular potting soil. This will make it easier to drain.


Besides having soil with a lot of organic matter, feeding your plant helps it grow and make more leaves.

Depending on what you prefer, you can use either liquid fertilizer or slow-release fertilizer.

As you might expect, each has its pros and cons.

During spring and summer, most people use a liquid fertilizer every two to four weeks. At this time, the plant is growing quickly. During the winter, it doesn’t need food. But if you want, you can use fertilizer once every two months.

Make sure that the fertilizer you choose has enough calcium and magnesium in it. Most growers don’t pay much attention to micronutrients like these two because they focus on the macronutrients (N-P-K).

If the formula has enough micronutrients, especially calcium and magnesium, the leaves won’t look pale.


When it comes to pruning, your Philodendron domesticum is easy to take care of. But there are a few reasons you might want to cut it back.

  • Limit its size
  • Appearance
  • Take off any leaves that are dead, dying, or have changed colour.
  • Help it get bushier or grow more.

In nature, the plant can grow as tall as 8 to 10 feet. When it’s inside and in a pot, it won’t look as big.

Still, pruning helps you control its size and width because the big leaves, which can grow to be about 2 feet long and almost a foot wide, take up a lot of space.

People usually trim plants to make them look the way they want them to.

But at the very least, I think you should prune it to keep it healthy. You can do this by getting rid of any leaves that are dead, dying, or sick. In the same way, I suggest cleaning the big leaves with a damp cloth once a week or every two weeks. This helps the plant absorb light and keep pests away.

You can also cut back the plant to make it grow more. This results in a bushier plant over time which looks amazing.

When you do cut the plant back, keep two things in mind.

  • Use a clean pair of cutting tools to keep any infection from spreading.
  • Wear gloves because the plant’s sap can make your skin itch.

How to Repot Philodendron Domesticum

Plants with spade-shaped leaves grow quickly. So, you’ll need to move it to a bigger pot so that its roots have room to grow.
Since the plant can grow to be 8 to 10 feet tall, you should know that repotting it will help it grow.

So, if you want to keep it small or have low ceilings, you can keep it in the same container.

But remember that you still have to care for its roots. If you don’t, leaving the plant in the pot will stress it out.

So, you can do one of two things.

If you want it to keep growing, move it to a pot that’s 2 inches bigger when its roots start coming out of the drainage holes at the bottom.

The best time to repot a plant is in the winter or spring before it starts growing again (i.e. when the leaves start coming out).

But don’t repot your plants on very cold days because the freezing weather can make the transplant shock worse.

To do so,

  • Have a container that is 2 inches wider than the one you already have.
  • Fill it about a third of the way with potting mix that drains well. I think you should mix the soil in another bowl
  • first so you can get the right proportions.
  • Slide the root ball out of the pot and out with the plant.
  • Remove any extra dirt, and if the roots are tangled, spread them out.
  • Put the root ball in the new pot and fill the rest with fresh potting soil.
  • If you don’t want the plant to grow, on the other hand:

Follow the same steps as before. Use the same container, though.

  • The only difference is that once you separate the roots, you start cutting the long ones. Also, remove some of
  • the soil from the root ball to make room for new potting mix.
  • By cutting the roots each time, you can keep using the same pot while keeping the plant healthy and keeping it from getting too big.
  • But make sure you don’t cut it back too much. Enough is enough.

Check Out This Trending Guide Below


Philodendron Domesticum

Stem Cutting:

  • The stem-cutting method can be used to make more Philodendron Domesticum plants from cuttings.
  • On a leaf node that is still whole, I use stem cutting. I chose to do it where the roots come out of the plant.
  • I then plant or water the cut stem for a few weeks to make more plants.
  • I just put the stem of the Philodendron Domesticum into a jar of water to propagate it.
  • Then I put it in a warm place and watch for roots to grow over the next few days.
  • To propagate in soil, I cut off the ends of the stem and dip it in a rooting hormone.
  • Then I put it in moist soil and gently tuck it in to give it support so it can stand up straight. The stem is then put in a warm place with some moist soil around it.
  • I gently pull on the stem to feel any resistance to see if the roots are growing. Resistance means that the roots are getting stronger. Then I put the plant in a bigger pot.

Air Layering:

  • Air layering is a great way to help Philodendron Domesticum plants grow new plants while they are still attached to the parent plant.
  • I first find one or two nodes on the Philodendron Domesticum for air layering. Look for a bumpy part on the stem to tell if this is it.
  • Once I choose the nodes I want, the next step is to use cling film to wrap them in wet moss.
  • The roots won’t show up for a few weeks. But you shouldn’t just wait. You should keep spraying the moss with water to keep it wet.


Flowers don’t grow on Philodendron Domesticum plants very often, especially if they are kept as houseplants.

It is important to know that Philodendron Domesticum usually blooms after about 20 years. When the plant is old enough, which can take many years, it blooms.

If they do have flowers on them, I usually put them in a spathe to decorate. It makes the plant look better from a design point of view.


When grown in the right way, the plant can reach a height of 8 feet.

When the plant is fully grown, its leaves can be as long as 22 inches and as wide as 9 inches. They look like spades. Because of this, they are called Spadeleaf.

Pests and Diseases

Pests and diseases don’t always cause the plant a lot of trouble. With good care, cleaning, and regular checks, it will stay healthy and grow well.

Mealybugs and aphids are two of the most common kinds of pests that can hurt your plant.
if they happen, you will need to act right away. You can use neem oil or soap that kills bugs, depending on what you have on hand or what you like to use.

The sooner you can find the problem, the sooner you can treat the plant. And the faster the problem goes away, the less serious it is.

On the other hand, diseases like root rot, mildew, and leaf spot are more common. All of them can be stopped with the right care and watering.

Most of the time, this is caused by too much water. So, it’s important to be careful about how you water the plant.

Too much water in the soil causes root rot. Leaf spots and mildew are caused by leaves that don’t dry out because they don’t get enough sun and air.

So, you need to be careful about both when and how you water.


Philodendron domesticum contains calcium oxalate crystals. As long as you don’t eat them, these are safe. People and animals can’t break down or digest these chemicals, so they only cause trouble when they are eaten.

Because of this, they will cause stomach pain and other problems.

Unfortunately, young children and pets often try to eat things they shouldn’t, like big leaves.

So, keeping the plant away from them is a good idea.

Frequently Asked Question

Philodendron Domesticum

What should I do to take care of a Philodendron Domesticum?

Philodendron Domesticum plants do best in soil that drains well and gets bright, indirect light. When the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch, water the plant. Use a balanced liquid fertilizer once a month during the growing season (spring and summer) to feed the plant.

How do I propagate a Philodendron Domesticum plant?

You can make more Philodendron Domesticum plants by dividing them or by putting stem cuttings in water or soil to root them. To spread by division, carefully cut off a healthy branch from the main plant and plant it in its pot. To grow new plants from stem cuttings, cut a piece of stem about 4 to 6 inches long just below a leaf node and take off the lower leaves. Put the piece of plant in a jar of water or a pot of soil and keep it moist until the roots start to grow.

What are some problems that Philodendron Domesticum plants often have?

If you water too much, the roots will rot and the leaves will turn yellow. If you don’t give a plant enough water, the leaves will droop and the plant will die. In both cases, changing when you water can help. Too much nitrogen in the soil can also make the leaves turn yellow. Philodendron Domesticum plants can also get spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids.

How can I tell if my Philodendron Domesticum plant is getting enough light?

When it gets enough light, a Philodendron Domesticum plant will have bright green leaves and grow steadily. If the plant doesn’t get enough light, its leaves may turn yellow or grow long and thin.

Can you grow Philodendron Domesticum plants outside?

Plants of the Philodendron Domesticum can grow outside in warm, humid climates with some shade. If you live somewhere cold, you should grow them inside or in a greenhouse.


The Philodendron Domesticum is a great choice for the home or office because it has glossy, attractive leaves and doesn’t need much light. It is easy to grow, so most people who are just starting choose to try it as their first plant.

The Philodendron Domesticum plant does well in a home’s indoor environment. That’s why it’s so easy to learn how to take care of it!

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